A monotype is an impression made by first painting or inking a sheet of glass, plexi, or other smooth surface and then pressing a sheet of paper against the wet paint or ink using either a press or pressure from the hands, a roller, a baren or some other tool. Such an impression is not a true print because precise multiple copies are NOT possible; usually only a single print result. A monotype is classified as a 'print' because that term refers to any image transferred from one support to another, as opposed to direct painting or drawing.
When creating an etching, a metal plate, usually copper or zinc, is coated with a ground, or resist. The design is scratched or pressed through the waxy layer to expose the metal underneath. The plate is then immersed in acid. The acid 'bites' into (etches) the exposed metal, forming shallow grooves. The plate is cleaned and inked; ink is cleaned from all areas except the grooves. Printing paper that has been soaked in water and then blotted is forced through a press against the plate; the damp paper is forced down into the grooves, where it picks up ink.
A mezzotint is an engraving showing shades of gray or color. The surface of a plate, usually copper, is roughened or pitted, using tools such as a rocker, a burred tool that is rocked back and forth. Other tools such as burnishers and scrapers can be used to modify the roughness and produce any degree of fine or coarse grain.
When creating a woodcut, a block of wood is cut away around the image area. The remaining raised image area is inked and pressed to a sheet of paper or other material, producing an image the reverse of that on the block. The nature of this method produces a limited edition only, a maximum of 10 prints are produced from each creation. In the REDUCTION BLOCK METHOD, only ONE block of wood or linoleum is used to create a multicolored image. Parts of the block are cut away, are color printed, then further areas cut away and another color printed. Usually light colors are printed first ending with the darkest. NO PRELIMINARY PROOFING of the complete image is possible. Also known as SUICIDE PRINTS as no second thoughts are possible!
A linocut is an image made by cutting away the excess from a block of linoleum, inking the remaining raised surface and pressing it against a sheet of paper or other material to be printed. The nature of this method produces a limited edition only, a maximum of 10 prints are produced from each creation. In the REDUCTION BLOCK METHOD, only ONE block of wood or linoleum is used to create a multicolored image. Parts of the block are cut away, are color printed, then further areas cut away and another color printed. Usually light colors are printed first ending with the darkest. NO PRELIMINARY PROOFING of the complete image is possible. Also known as SUICIDE PRINTS as no second thoughts are possible!
It is the simplest and most direct of the intaglio processes. The technique consists of scratching into the surface of a plate (metal or plexy) using a strong, sharp point. The point is used to score the surface, which causes a ridge called the burr. This burr holds more ink than the relatively shallow scratches and contributes a velvety, rich quality to the impression.
A print that is usually both inked and textured. Techniques differ widely among artists, but a general approach is this: a three-dimensional surface is built up using a variety of materials, and ink is applied over the surface. Some areas are wiped free of ink, while recessed areas retain ink. Colored inks may be used in selected area. The plate is run through an etching press, forcing paper into the inked depressions and resulting in both inking and some embossing.
An artistic composition made by gluing various materials to a background, or support. My collages are made only from magazine papers glued to a support. Although any glue may be used, acrylic mediums are the most reliable because they are permanent, no yellowing and waterproof.
Raising a surface in relief for ornamentation. Embossing is done by forcing materials into a die or mold. Although commonly done by machine, artists frequently do hand-embossing, pressing a sheet of damp paper into the recesses of the mod. When allowed to dry, the paper will bear the raised pattern of the mold.
The method used in fine-art printmaking known as viscosity utilizes the potential for a single plate to be printed in many colors, depending on the surface levels of the plate, the hardness of the rollers, and the viscosity of the ink.
A print that includes colored and/or textured papers in addition to the basic print paper.
Drawing done with a thin rod of silver encased in an appropriate holder. Drawing the solver across a sheet of coated paper leaves a grayish mark that soon oxidizes and becomes brownish. Usually the paper is coated with white pigment, such as Chinese White-the coating traps the tiny particles of silver that flake off the silver rod, and the marks show up well against the white background. Silverpoint strokes cannot be erased. This drawing technique was much used in the 1400s and 1500s.
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